Judaism: Moshiach - the 12th of the Thirteen Principles of Faith
Judaism has Thirteen Principles of Faith, the 12th of which speaks about the Messiah (Moshiach).
1. I believe with complete faith that the Creator, Blessed is His Name, creates and guides all creatures, and that He alone made, makes, and will make everything.
2. I believe with complete faith that the Creator, Blessed is His Name,is unique, and there is no uniqueness like His in any way, and that He alone is our G-d, Who was, Who is, and Who always will be.
3. I believe with complete faith that the Creator, Blessed is His Name,is not physical and is not affected by physical phenomena, and that there is no comparison whatsoever to Him.
4. I believe with complete faith that the Creator, Blessed is His Name, is the very first and the very last.
5. I believe with complete faith that the Creator, Blessed is His Name - to Him alone is it proper to pray and it is not proper to pray to any other.
6. I believe with complete faith that all the words of the prophets are true
7. I believe with complete faith that the Creator, Blessed is His Name,I believe with complete faith that the prophecy of Moses our teacher, peace upon him, was true, and that he was the father of the prophets - both those who preceded him and those who followed him.
8. I believe with complete faith that the entire Torah now in our hands is the same one that was given to Moses, our teacher, peace be upon him
9. I believe with complete faith that this Torah will not be exchanged nor will there be another Torah from the Creator, Belssed is His Name
10. I believe with complete faith that the Creator, Blessed is His Name,knows all the deeds of human beings and their thoughts, as it is said, 'He fashions their hearts all together, He comprehends all their deeds.'
11. I believe with complete faith that the Creator, Blessed is His Name,rewards with good those who observe His comandments, and punishes those who violate His commandments.
12. I believe with complete faith in the coming of the Messiah, and even though he may delay, nevertheless I anticipate every day that he will come.
13. I believe with complete faith that there will be a resuscitation of the dead whenever the wish emanates from the Creator, Blessed is His Name and exalted is His mention, forever and for all eternity.
Our sages tell us that the times of Moshiach will be two special individuals, Moshiach ben Yosef and Moshiach ben Dovid, to cover the span of years of the era of Moshiach. We are also taught that Eliyahu HaNavi, Elijah the Prophet, will come to announce the arrival of the Moshiach.
The Jewish calendar is set for 6000 years, at which time the second Moshiach, Moshiach ben Dovid, will arrive and we will have Olam Haba (the world to come). According to our heritage, the era of Moshiach will conclude at the year 6000. We are currently in the year 5769, which means that there are 231 years for the era of the first Moshiach, Moshiach ben Yosef.
Judaism tells us it is in the hands of the Creator to breathe the unique and special soul of Moshiach into a qualified candidate. Until then, we are not supposed to try to predict when that will be or who that will be. Here are two reliable articles that gives the background on this:
It is important to understand that in Judaism, the description of eternity includes the righteous of every religion. That is, it is the righteous people of the world who will receive recognition. For Jewish people, our path is the 613 commandments of the Torah, which is a path of Torah which sets forth the will of Hashem. Out of love and gratitude for all He gives us, Judaism is about following His Will. Non-Jewish people's path according to Torah is observance of the 7 Noahide Laws:
Seven Noahide Laws on Aish.com
There have been great leaders of our people who have spoken about Moshiach and his imminent arrival, even before World War II when our people were very hopeful for redemption. The Chofetz Chaim was one of those leaders.
Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu, who is alive but in poor health, was the student of the Baba Sali, who gave him two special watches. This video is in Hebrew with no subtitles: Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu - the Two Watches
For more on Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu, check this blogspot - referenced here without knowledge of its reliability:
Rabbi Eliyahu interview as related on Dreaming of Moshiach
Please keep in mind that blogspots and YouTube videos themselves are not necessarily reliable representations of what our Rabbis have said or predicted and need endorsements of their subject matter or claims before being believed as true representations of what was said by the Rabbis. I mention this because in viewing some of the links, I came across more videos and materials that I have not researched. What this means is that the links on this website to the articles referenced have been researched, but the links from there are not known to me nor have they been researched by me as accurate representations of Judaism.
The Lubavitcher Rebbe and Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, of blessed memory, are amongst those who spoke about the imminent arrival of the Messiah. Here is a reliable YouTube video of Rabbi Yitzchak Kaduri and Rabbi Schneerson in 1990 speaking to each other. It is in Hebrew with no subtitles:
Rabbis Kaduri and Schneerson 1990